Home Inspection Cost Canada: What You Need to Know

When buying a home, it is crucial to ensure that the property is in good condition before making the investment. This is where a home inspection comes in handy. In this article, you will learn all about home inspections, including what they entail, their cost, and who pays for them.

Home inspections are not mandatory in Canada, but they are highly recommended. The cost of a home inspection can range from $250 to $700, depending on the location and size of the property. Additionally, only Alberta and British Columbia require home inspectors to undergo training and certification before conducting any home inspections. Keep reading to learn more about the pros and cons of home inspections and what to watch out for during the process.

Key Takeaways

  • Home inspections can cost between $250 to $700 in Canada.
  • Only Alberta and British Columbia require home inspectors to be trained and certified.
  • Beware of inspections with limited scopes and time limits.

What is a Home Inspection?

A home inspection is a process that involves a visual examination and assessment of a property and its major systems before it is sold or purchased. It is not mandatory, but it can help determine if some parts or components are unsafe, damaged, or in need of repair.

During the inspection process, a certified home inspector will analyze all the primary systems and components in the house, including roofing, structure, plumbing, heating, insulation, air conditioning, the interior and exterior of the home, and others. The inspector will identify any repairs or necessary improvements, estimate costs, and provide recommendations on when to address them.

Typically, a home inspection can take about 2 to 4 hours, depending on factors like the size of the home, the complexity, and the home inspector’s experience. The home inspection process and rules are generally similar from one region to another.

A buyer (or a seller) will hire a licensed or certified home inspection company to inspect the components, systems, and structural issues of the property. These include roofs, ceilings, walls, retaining walls, windows, doors, the kitchen, attic, basement, driveway, crawl spaces, foundation, electrical, plumbing, heating, air conditioning, ventilation, insulation, drainage, septic, and exterior weatherproofing.

The inspector will provide a written and detailed inspection report to the buyer within 24 to 48 hours of the inspection. The report will cover the inspector’s findings, including photos, analysis, and recommendations. With a thorough home inspection report, you can make a sound and informed choice about your purchase or repair costs.

In summary, while a home inspection is optional, it is a vital part of home-buying as it gives a detailed evaluation of a home’s condition, helping to prevent future unpleasant surprises.

When Should You Get a Home Inspection?

Getting a home inspection is an essential step in the home buying process. It is recommended to schedule a home inspection as soon as both parties agree to the offer, as this will give more time for renegotiation when necessary. The buyer is responsible for the costs of hiring a home inspector, who will then provide a thorough inspection report of the property.

In some cases, the seller may arrange for a home inspection before listing the home and use it to attract buyers. However, it is still recommended for the buyer to get their own inspection to ensure an unbiased report.

It is important to note that a home inspection is not a guarantee that there are no issues with the property. It is simply a tool to identify potential problems that may require further investigation or negotiation.

At the end of the inspection, the home inspector will provide a copy of the inspection report, which can be used to make informed decisions about the purchase of the property.

How Much Does a Home Inspection Cost in Canada

If you’re planning to buy a home in Canada, you’ll likely need to have a home inspection done as part of the closing costs. The cost of a home inspection can vary depending on several factors, including the location, size, age of the home, and the qualifications and experience of the home inspector.

To get an estimate of the cost of a home inspection, you can use a home inspection cost calculator, which is an easy and convenient way to get a rough idea of what you can expect to pay.

On average, a typical home inspection that takes about 3 to 5 hours can cost anywhere from $250 to $700, depending on the location and size of the home. The following table provides estimated and average costs of home inspections that home inspectors conduct across Canada:

Province Estimated Cost Average Cost
British Columbia $300 – $600 $450
Alberta $350 – $600 $500
Saskatchewan $300 – $500 $400
Manitoba $300 – $500 $400
Ontario $300 – $500 $400
Quebec $300 – $500 $400
Newfoundland and Labrador $300 – $500 $400
New Brunswick $300 – $500 $400
Nova Scotia $300 – $500 $400
Prince Edward Island $300 – $500 $400

Keep in mind that these are just estimates, and the actual cost of a home inspection may vary depending on your specific circumstances. It’s always a good idea to shop around and get quotes from multiple home inspectors to ensure that you’re getting a fair price.

Home Inspection Cost and Rules By Province


  • Home inspection costs in Alberta range from $250 to $600, depending on the property’s size.
  • To perform home inspections in Alberta, home inspectors must pass and qualify for certification.

British Columbia

  • Home inspection costs in British Columbia vary depending on the type of property:
    • Basic BC home inspection – $500, depending on the total square footage of the house
    • Condo – $300 to $500, depending on square footage
    • Single Family or Townhouse (0-3000 sq. ft.) – $500 to $700
    • Single Family (3000+ sq. ft.) or special circumstances – $700+
  • Home inspectors in British Columbia must be educated, trained, and licensed before they can perform any home inspection.


  • Home inspection costs in Winnipeg start at $499.55+ GST, with an average of around $590 to $750+ GST.

New Brunswick

  • Home inspection costs in New Brunswick range from $500 to $700, depending on the size and location of the home.
  • Home inspectors in the region are not required to have provincial licensing.


  • The average home inspection cost in Newfoundland is $400.

Nova Scotia

  • Home inspection costs in Nova Scotia vary between inspectors but range from $400 to $600 plus HST tax.


  • A home inspection cost in Ontario is between $260 and $610, with an average of $430.
  • A whole home inspection cost in Toronto is $492 on average.
  • There is no requirement for home inspectors to be licensed or certified in Toronto.

Prince Edward Island

  • Most home inspection costs in Prince Edward Island are between $250 and $500, with an average of $400.


  • A home inspection cost in Montreal may be anywhere from $300 to $700.


  • Home inspection costs in Saskatchewan range from $400 to $600.


  • The average home inspection cost in Yukon is $400.

Home inspections are not mandatory in Canada, but they are highly recommended before a property is bought or sold to avoid headaches in the future. The home inspection process and rules are generally similar from one region to another. The difference is that only Alberta and British Columbia require home inspectors operating in their provinces to complete training and obtain licensing. The other provinces and territories do not have province-wide regulations and rely on associations to regulate themselves.

Who Pays for a Home Inspection?

In most cases, as a home buyer, you are responsible for paying for a home inspection unless you have made specific arrangements with the seller. It is your responsibility to do your due diligence before deciding to purchase a property, and this includes arranging for a home inspection. Since a home inspection is not mandatory, it is up to you to pay the fee.

It is not uncommon for sellers to arrange for a home inspection themselves before putting their homes on the market. This is done to make their property easier to sell and more appealing to potential buyers. However, as a buyer, it is important to arrange for your own home inspection to ensure that you are aware of any potential issues with the property before making a purchase.

Home Inspection Checklist

If you’re planning to buy a home, it’s essential to have a home inspection checklist to ensure that you’re making a sound investment. The Homeowner’s Inspection Checklist from Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) is an excellent reference for general use. However, professional home inspection companies use a more technical and in-depth list to inspect a home. The Home Inspectors Association BC (HIABC) suggests that a professional inspection should include checking the exterior systems, roofing, flashings, penetrations, and chimneys, structural systems, plumbing systems, electrical systems, interior components, heating, ventilation, and cooling (HVAC) systems, fireplaces, and solid fuel-burning appliances, and insulation and ventilation of attics, crawlspaces, and unfinished basements.

What to Watch Out For During a Home Inspection As a Buyer and Seller

As a seller, it is important to be cautious when selecting a home inspection professional. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind:

  • Certifications: While there is no legal requirement for home inspectors to be certified or licensed in most of Canada, it is crucial to ensure that the inspector you hire is properly trained and certified. Be sure to do your due diligence in this regard.
  • Memberships: Look for home inspectors who are members of reputable associations such as the Canadian Association of Home & Property Inspectors (CAHPI) and the National Home Inspector Certification Council (NHICC). These organizations confirm a home inspector’s qualifications.
  • Walkthroughs: A good home inspector will coordinate with you to be present for the walkthrough, during which they will identify major issues and areas of concern. Be wary of inspectors who try to convince you that your presence is unnecessary.

As a buyer, there are several important factors to consider when it comes to home inspections:

  • Full inspections: Make sure that you are getting a full home inspection rather than a limited-scope inspection, which only inspects certain areas of a home. Some realtors may use this tactic during the pre-listing phase to represent sellers.
  • Time limits: Be aware that some sellers may impose time limits on home inspectors, giving them only a short window to perform a full inspection. It is always best to aim for a full inspection whenever possible.

By being aware of these factors, both buyers and sellers can ensure that they are getting the most out of their home inspections.

Where To Hire Home Inspectors in Canada

If you’re looking for certified home and building inspectors in Canada, there are several online sources you can consult. Some of these include:

  • Alberta Professional Home Inspectors Society
  • Home Inspectors Association British Columbia
  • Certified Home Inspectors in Manitoba
  • Certified Home Inspectors in New Brunswick
  • Certified Home Inspectors in Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Certified Home Inspectors in Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia Building Officials Association
  • Ontario Association of Home Inspectors
  • Certified Home Inspectors in Prince Edward Island
  • InterNACHI Quebec AIIIC: Home Inspectors Association
  • Saskatchewan Home/Building Inspectors
  • Certified Home Inspectors in Yukon

In addition to these sources, there are also other websites that offer information on home and property inspections in Canada, such as the Canadian Association of Home & Property Inspectors (CAHPI), International Association of National Home Inspectors (InterNACHI), and National Home Inspector Certification Council (NHICC). With so many options available, you’re sure to find a qualified and reliable home inspector to meet your needs.

Pros and Cons of a Home Inspection


  • For sellers, a home inspection can provide several benefits. Firstly, it helps them identify repairs that need to be made in advance, which gives them more control over how much is spent. Secondly, it can make the property easier to sell, and possibly more profitable. Lastly, it may help close the deal at or above the listing price.
  • For buyers, a home inspection can uncover problems before the deal is closed. This can help negotiate for a lower price when an inspector finds defects. Furthermore, it provides peace of mind knowing there will be no unpleasant surprises later on.


  • It exposes major issues, such as cracks in the foundation or termite damage, to potential buyers. This can make it harder to sell the property, and may result in a lower selling price.
  • A seller has to disclose areas that were repaired and why, which may affect the buyer’s decision to purchase the property.
  • It can be costly for older homes, as more repairs and fixes may be necessary.
  • The inspection costs can lead to other major costs if repairs and fixes are necessary, which can be a burden for both buyers and sellers.
  • For buyers, asking for a home inspection may result in them losing bids during a seller’s market, as some sellers may prefer buyers who do not require an inspection.

In conclusion, a home inspection can provide several benefits for both buyers and sellers, but it also has its limitations. It is important for both parties to be aware of the pros and cons before making a decision, and to work with a qualified inspector to ensure the inspection is thorough and accurate.

Are Home Inspections Worth It?

Before buying a house, it is important to ensure that you are investing in a property that will not give you unexpected and costly problems. Home inspections are a crucial step in identifying potential issues that could lead to bigger and more expensive problems down the road. Investing in a certified home inspector is the best way to get an honest and informed opinion of a property’s condition.

While home inspections do come at a cost, they are worth the investment as they can potentially save you a lot of money in the long run. Here are some reasons why home inspections are worth it:

  • Identifying potential safety hazards
  • Uncovering hidden problems
  • Negotiating repairs or a lower price
  • Planning for future maintenance and repairs

Overall, a home inspection is a valuable tool for any homebuyer. It provides peace of mind and ensures that you are making a sound investment in your future home.


If you’re planning to buy or sell a property in Canada, you might have some questions about home inspections, liability, and preparation. Here are some frequently asked questions to help you understand the process better.

Question Answer
Are home inspections mandatory in Canada? No, home inspections are not mandatory in Canada. However, it is recommended to have one before buying or selling a property to avoid any unwanted surprises.
What do house inspectors look for in Canada? House inspectors in Canada examine the property for visible and invisible problems, such as physical defects, gas leaks, and air quality. They scrutinize the structure and functionality of the home, including its roofing, plumbing, electrical systems, etc.
How do I prepare for a home inspection in Canada? To prepare for a home inspection in Canada, you should clean the house thoroughly and ensure unobstructed access to the areas of the property where the inspector will conduct the evaluation. You must be present for the walkthrough to ask questions and be aware of the problems that may turn up.
Are the sellers of a house liable for repairs after closing in Canada? If the repairs involve latent defects (or hidden issues that existed at the time of purchase but were not uncovered by an inspection), the seller will be responsible for it. The buyer may refer to the legal warranty of ownership and quality, which gives buyers the right to receive financial recompense or cancellation of a sale.

We hope these FAQs have helped answer some of your questions about home inspections and liability in Canada. For more information on related topics, check out the links below:

  • How To Use Your RRSP To Purchase A Home
  • Getting a First-Time Mortgage
  • Closing Costs When Selling A Home
  • Ways To Save For a Home Down Payment in Canada
  • First Home Savings Account Explained

Remember, it’s always a good idea to do your research and seek professional advice before making any big decisions regarding buying or selling a property.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the average cost of a home inspection in Ontario?

The average cost of a home inspection in Ontario is around $450 to $500. However, the cost may vary depending on the size and age of the property, location, and the inspector’s qualifications and experience.

How much does a home inspection cost in Canada?

The cost of a home inspection in Canada varies depending on the location, size, age, and type of property. On average, a home inspection in Canada costs between $400 and $600. However, the cost may increase if additional services such as radon testing or mold inspection are required.

Who pays for a home inspection in Canada?

The buyer usually pays for a home inspection in Canada. However, the seller may also choose to have a home inspection done before listing the property for sale to identify any potential issues and avoid surprises during negotiations.

Are home inspections mandatory in Canada?

Home inspections are not mandatory in Canada, but they are highly recommended. A home inspection can help identify any potential issues with the property and provide the buyer with peace of mind before making a significant investment.

What is included in a home inspection?

A home inspection typically includes an evaluation of the property’s structural components, such as the foundation, roof, walls, and floors. The inspector also checks the electrical, plumbing, and HVAC systems, as well as the appliances and fixtures. The inspection report may also include recommendations for repairs or maintenance.

How long does a home inspection take?

The duration of a home inspection depends on the size and age of the property, as well as the inspector’s thoroughness. On average, a home inspection takes about 2 to 3 hours to complete. However, larger or older properties may take longer to inspect.

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